• Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight
  • Emily Knight

Walk Description

In 1861, proponents of the Risorgimento, the movement to create a united Italy, declared victory and Turin was crowned the capital of the newly formed Kingdom of Italy. Another nine long years of battle remained, as Garibaldi, Mazzini and others sought to bring Papal ruled Rome into the national fold. Our three-hour walking seminar discusses the history surrounding the Unification of 1861, as well as the events leading up to the capture of Rome in 1870 and the subsequent use of this history to further the ideals of later leaders, such a Mussolini.

Our time begins near the Campo de' Fiori where we will learn the foundations of the Risorgimento in Italy and the struggles that Rome faced while remaining under Papal rule. We then move to the Trastevere area of Rome, where many of the battles to liberate Rome took place. Important events, such as the battle in the Ajani wool mill, demonstrate the tenuous nature of the era, as patriots fought against Papal authority for a united Italy.

We then journey up the Janiculum Hill, where we'll visit Mausoleum-Ossarium Gianicolense, Porta San Pancrazio and Piazzale Garibaldi. Here, overlooking the Vatican we'll discuss the importance of the Second Roman Republic, its role in the battle for the unification of Italy and the democratic concepts it introduced. We'll set the Roman situation in context with the rest of Europe, appreciating the importance of the fighting that took place in these locations

If time allows, we'll end our walk at the Villa Pamphilj. From this vantage point we'll be able to have a bird's eye view of the city, and a more comprehensive understanding of how Rome has been capital of a democratic country for 150 years, capital of the Vatican State and battle field for many battles


Duration: 3 hours
Category: History
Venues: Ossarium of Garibaldi
  • Tom_thumb

    Tom Rankin

    Tom Rankin came to Rome on a Fulbright Fellowship in 1991 after completing his architectural studies at Harvard. Tom was the founder of Scala Reale, an association of scholars leading small-group study walks that was acquired by Context in 2004. Currently Tom is dedicating himself to the fields of cultural and environmental sustainability, architecture and design through his teaching and his design firm TRA_20. He also directs the non-profit arts project Tevereterno.

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    olivia ercoli

    Olivia Ercoli is a Rome licensed guide and an expert art historian and worked as a main contributor to the award-winning Eyewitness Guide to Rome. She combines this with teaching and leads a course at the the Lorenzo de Medici School in Rome on Roman civilization. In addition she has contributed to the National Geographic Lost Cities of the Ancient World. Olivia infuses her discussion of Rome with a sense of what it's like to grow up in the city and be Roman.

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    Richard Bowen

    Originally from England, Richard Bowen has lived in Rome for the last fourteen years. He holds a Master's degree in medieval and twentieth-century history from London University and, as this might suggest, has a broad-minded and synthetic approach to understanding Rome. Richard works quite frequently with institutional travel organizations, such as museums and church organizations, and as a result spends much of his time traveling all over Europe. He brings this cosmopolitan and pan-European experience to bear on his work with us in Rome, constantly making connections to other cities and countries in the course of his lectures and seminars.

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    Annalivia Villa

    Annalivia Villa holds a Masters in art history from the Sapienza University of Rome, with a specialization in Renaissance painting and history, including daily life in the 1600s. She wrote her thesis on Raphael's decoration of the Papal bathroom in the Vatican residence. Annalivia is a native Roman whose roots go back decades. Her grandfather was one of the Palatine honour guards of the Pope. In addition to teaching (in which she holds an additional graduate degree) and lecturing, Annalivia also works for the Modern Art Gallery of the Municipality of Rome.

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    Giulia Facchin

    Giulia is an archaeologist, she earned a PhD in Archaeology and History of the urban landscape of Rome. She regularly takes part in archaeological field work and academic projects aimed to research and discover our History. She is a licensed guide of Rome. And loves her job because she can reach a wider public, she enjoys explaining and sharing knowledge and ideas about the past and the present Human condition. As an Historian she is fascinated by the city of Rome, and how with its 3000 and more years of history, it grew and expanded over the centuries, re-using, transforming and destroying its past. She likes to share this passion and knowledge with all her clients. She is also a musician and graduated as pianist.